Dr. Sarah's WebCT quiz 1

Which of the following are true about the education of African Americans based on the readings from the homework?

1. Although many slave owners cared little about education for their slaves, some did teach them to read in order to read the bible.
2. After the civil war, education was a major concern for the newly freed African Americans. Separate schools were quickly established but the idea of segregation was not supported.
3. The 1892 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling set the precedent that separate facilities for African Americans and whites were consitutional as long as they were equal.
4. Plessy vs. Ferguson ushered in an era of increased discrimination toward blacks.
5. University students brought segregation cases that provided early precedents saying that "separate but equal" was not necessarily true in education.
6. In Brown vs. Board of Education, a unanimous Supreme Court ruled that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
7. Segregation in education is still a complex issue today.

Which of the following are true based on the homework reading?

1. Women, who were viewed as mentally and morally inferior in Colonial America, were denied equal educational opportunities.
2. Opponents to mixed classrooms argued that boys and girls should be educated separatel for their distinct life paths, but coeducation came to America as the outcome of financial necessity.
3. Oberlin was the first American college to admit both women and men and in 1833 also admitted racial minorities as well.
4. One of the major forces that ultimately opened college doors for women was the Civil War since the loss of male students created economic pressures for female tuition dollars.
5. In 1873, Dr. Edward Clarke asserted that prolonged coeducation was physically dangerous to the reproductive health of females. Blood would be diverted from the reproductive organs to the brain. He advised sex segregated schools.
6. Vocational education was a progressive step for women.
7. In 1972, Title IX was passed by Congress making sex discrimination in schools illegal.
8. A period of "backlash" against gender equity occured during the 1980s